Published 04/23/2023

Electrolytic capacitors are commonly used in electronic devices due to their high capacitance values and low cost. However, they have a known issue called the “dry-out” phenomenon that causes the capacitance to drop over time. This can have a negative impact on the performance of electronic devices, which is why it is important to check the compensation capacitance of electrolytic capacitors regularly.

The compensation capacitance is the capacitance value that compensates for the dry-out phenomenon of electrolytic capacitors. When the capacitance of an electrolytic capacitor drops due to dry-out, it affects the performance of the electronic device in which it is used. To detect the compensation capacitance of electrolytic capacitors, you can follow the steps below:

Step 1: Obtain the Required Equipment

You will need a digital multimeter, a variable power supply, and a load resistor to perform the test. Ensure that the equipment is calibrated and in good working condition before proceeding.

Step 2: Connect the Components

Connect the positive and negative terminals of the electrolytic capacitor to the variable power supply. Set the voltage to the rated voltage of the capacitor. Next, connect the load resistor across the capacitor.

Step 3: Measure the Capacitance

Using the digital multimeter, measure the capacitance of the capacitor. Record this value as “C1.”

Step 4: Apply a Load

Apply a load to the capacitor by connecting the load resistor to the capacitor. Set the load current to a value that is about 10% of the rated current of the capacitor.

Step 5: Measure the Capacitance Again

After applying the load, measure the capacitance of the capacitor again using the digital multimeter. Record this value as “C2.”

Step 6: Calculate the Compensation Capacitance

Use the following formula to calculate the compensation capacitance:

Compensation Capacitance = C1 * (C2 / C1 – 1)

The result is the compensation capacitance of the electrolytic capacitor.

Step 7: Check the Result

Compare the compensation capacitance value to the rated value of the capacitor. If the compensation capacitance is lower than the rated value, it indicates that the capacitor is experiencing dry-out and should be replaced.

In conclusion, detecting the compensation capacitance of electrolytic capacitors is an important process that should be performed regularly to ensure the proper functioning of electronic devices. By following the steps outlined above, you can quickly and easily detect the compensation capacitance of electrolytic capacitors using a digital multimeter and a variable power supply.

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Fenghan Electronics (Fencon®️) is an ISO certified professional global manufacturer of electronic components. We offer our customers the wide range of selection of capacitors which are including SMD types, radial types, snap-in types, screw types.

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